[62], During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Delhi fell to the forces of East India Company after a bloody fight known as the Siege of Delhi. [3], In 2001, the Parliament of India building in New Delhi was attacked by armed militants, killing six security personnel. Delhi District population is 133713. ... District Courts, Delhi has first model e-Court in India at Karkardooma Courts Complex. New Delhi houses several government buildings and official residences reminiscent of British colonial architecture, including the Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Secretariat, Rajpath, the Parliament of India and Vijay Chowk. president. Babur was a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur, from the Fergana Valley in modern-day Uzbekistan. [214] The Baháʼí laws also stipulate that only the holy scriptures of the Baháʼí Faith and other religions can be read or chanted inside in any language; while readings and prayers can be set to music by choirs, no musical instruments can be played inside. Delhi Airport was awarded The Best Airport in Central Asia and Best Airport Staff in Central Asia at the Skytrax World Airport Awards 2015. The Jama Masjid is one of India's largest mosques. The District Administration of Delhi is the enforcement department for many Government of Delhi and Government of India policies and exercises supervisory over numerous other functionaries of the government. [164] Delhi has one of India's largest bus transport systems. As per the Census 2011, Delhi is divided into 9 districts (zilla) which act as the administrative divisions. [69], Delhi is located in Northern India, at 28°37′N 77°14′E / 28.61°N 77.23°E / 28.61; 77.23. The former director of the Archaeological Survey of India, Alexander Cunningham, mentioned that dilli later became dihli/dehli. [40], Agrasen ki Baoli is believed to be originally built by the legendary king Agrasen. Here is List of all the States and Union Territories in India. [204] Hindi is also the official language of Delhi while Urdu and Punjabi have been declared as additional official languages. She was the first and only woman to rule over Delhi. It consists of an executive, led by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, a judiciary and a legislature. HAZ CLICK AQUÍ. [136], Since 2011 Delhi has had three municipal corporations:[137], In 2017 the BJP emerged the victors in elections to all three corporations. The Games was the successor of the Far Eastern Games and the revival of the Western Asiatic Games. [161], Delhi has the highest road density of 2103 km/100 km2 in India. [76] The cold season lasts from 26 November to 9 February with an average daily high temperature below 20 °C (68 °F). Unknown to many, the four-storey building houses the state's IDSP office — the centre of Delhi government's ongoing efforts against coronavirus.. [135] On 10 February 2015, the Aam Aadmi Party returned to power after a landslide victory, winning 67 out of the 70 seats in the Delhi Legislative Assembly. The city came under the direct control of the British Government in 1858. [241][242], Delhi Technological University (formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University and National Law University, Delhi are the only state universities. Delhi (English: /ˈdɛli/; Hindi: [ˈdɪlːiː] Dillī; Punjabi: [ˈdɪlːiː] Dillī; Urdu: [ˈdɛɦliː] Dêhlī),[15] officially known as the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. [259] Events took place at 12 competition venues. Other famous religious sites include Lal Mandir, Laxminarayan Temple, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Lotus Temple, Jama Masjid and ISKCON Temple. The National Museum and National Gallery of Modern Art are some of the largest museums in the country. [67] India suspected Pakistan-based militant groups were behind the attack, which caused a major diplomatic crisis between the two countries. [122] On 3 January 2020, Delhi got its first smog tower to tackle air pollution.[123][124]. Besides construction and operation of Delhi Metro, DMRC is also involved in the planning and implementation of metro rail, monorail, and high-speed rail projects in India and providing consultancy services to other metro projects in the country as well as abroad. Total area of New Delhi is 35 km². [46] The Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi) was overthrown in 1290 by Jalal ud din Firuz Khalji (1290–1320). all the blocks in the District and then a School List in the Block. jurisdiction of cases pertaining to police stations falling within. The network consists of eleven lines with a total length of 311 kilometres (193 miles) with 214 stations, which are a mix of underground, at-grade and elevated stations. [160] [11][19] Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires. The city's electricity consumption is about 1,265 kWh per capita but the actual demand is higher. The Municipal corporation handles civic administration for the city as part of the Panchayati Raj Act. ¿Quiénes somos? Delhi have 9 districts in its state. [1][2] A number of state-owned and private radio stations broadcast from Delhi.[250][251]. [48] Delhi's decline continued under the Sayyid dynasty (1414–1451), until the sultanate was reduced to Delhi and its hinterland. [39], The iron pillar of Delhi is said to have been fashioned at the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya (375–413 CE) of the Gupta Empire. One of the largest Hindu temple complexes in the world,[236] Akshardham is a major tourist attraction in the city. Remains of several major cities can be found in Delhi. Below is the list of the 11 Districts and 33 Sub-divisions of Delhi (with effect from September 2012). Other museums in Delhi include the National Museum of Natural History, National Rail Museum and National Philatelic Museum. [253], Delhi hosted the ninth Asian Games for the second time in 1982 from 19 November to 4 December. [207], Delhi's culture has been influenced by its lengthy history and historic association as the capital of India, Although a strong Punjabi Influence can be seen in language, Dress and Cuisine brought by the large number of refugees who came following the partition in 1947 the recent migration from other parts of India has made it a melting pot. [212] Other monuments include the India Gate, the Jantar Mantar—an 18th-century astronomical observatory—and the Purana Qila—a 16th-century fortress. [141] Key service industries are information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media and tourism. Television programming includes two free terrestrial television channels offered by Doordarshan, and several Hindi, English, and regional-language cable channels offered by multi system operators. 2 & 3, ground floor, annexe -ii, tis hazari courts complex, tis hazari, delhi - 110054 . New Delhi is the preferred starting point for the popular Golden Triangle tour that comprises of New Delhi, Jaipur and Agra. The Railways and Services cricket teams in the Ranji Trophy also play their home matches in Delhi, in the Karnail Singh Stadium and the Harbax Singh Stadium, respectively. Hinduism is the predominant faith in Delhi.[199]. district commission address. [26] The Mughal dynasty ruled Delhi for more than three centuries, with a sixteen-year hiatus during the reigns of Sher Shah Suri and Hemu from 1540 to 1556. Safdarjung's Tomb is an example of the Mughal gardens style. Part of the reason that the city remains assessed at basic sustainability is because of the low resource-use and carbon emissions of its poorer neighbourhoods. [100][101][102] During 2013–14, peak levels of fine particulate matter (PM) in Delhi increased by about 44%, primarily due to high vehicular and industrial emissions, construction work and crop burning in adjoining states. The Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi situated in Hauz Khas is a premier engineering college of India and ranks as one of the top institutes in South Asia. [231] The Gali Paranthe Wali (the street of fried bread) is a street in Chandni Chowk particularly for food eateries since the 1870s. Delhi Metro is the world's tenth-largest metro system in terms of length. [154] In 2010, IGIA was conferred the 4th best airport award in the world in the 15–25 million category, by Airports Council International. These Deputy Commissioners report to the Divisional Commissioner (Principal Secretary of Revenue) who further reports to the Chief Secretary of Delhi. In 2004–05, approximately 1,529,000 students were enrolled in primary schools, 822,000 in middle schools and 669,000 in secondary schools across Delhi. [181] Delhi Metro completed 10 years of operation on 25 December 2012. The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 14 °C (57 °F). The Arun Jaitley Stadium (known commonly as the Kotla) is one of the oldest cricket grounds in India and is a venue for international cricket matches. [106] Rising air pollution level has significantly increased lung-related ailments (especially asthma and lung cancer) among Delhi's children and women. [16][17] [157] The airport functioned until 2001; however, in January 2002 the government closed the airport for flying activities because of security concerns following the New York attacks in September 2001. The king Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated in 1192 by Muhammad Ghori in the second battle of Tarain, a Muslim invader from Afghanistan, who made a concerted effort to conquer northern India. National Law University, Delhi is a prominent law school and is affiliated to the Bar Council of India. [268] The Indira Gandhi Arena is also in Delhi. The Supreme Court of India in Government of NCT of Delhi v. In March 2010, DMRC partnered with Google India (through Google Transit) to provide train schedule and route information to mobile devices with Google Maps. In 1956, the state Reorganisation Act, 1956, was passed and Delhi was made into Union Territory of Delhi. [19] The nominal GSDP of the NCT of Delhi for 2016–17 was estimated at ₹6,224 billion (US$87 billion), 13% higher than in 2015–16. All districts are divided into three Sub-Divisions, headed by an SDM or Sub-Divisional Magistrate.[1]. [97][98][99] Air quality index of Delhi is generally moderate (101–200) level between January to September, and then it drastically deteriorates to Very Poor (301–400), Severe (401–500) or Hazardous (500+) levels in three months between October to December, due to various factors including stubble burning, fire crackers burning during Diwali and cold weather. [264] Delhi hosted the Nehru Cup in 2007[265] and 2009, in both of which India defeated Syria 1–0. Qutb-ud-din assumed control of Ghori's Indian possessions, and laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty. There are 70 assembly constituencies and seven Lok Sabha (Indian parliament's lower house) constituencies in Delhi. [170] Kashmiri Gate ISBT, Anand Vihar ISBT and Sarai Kale Khan ISBT are the main bus terminals for outstation buses plying to neighbouring states. All stations have escalators, lifts, and tactile tiles to guide the visually impaired from station entrances to trains. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. [79] The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 13 to 32 °C (55 to 90 °F). [128], Delhi is home to the Supreme Court of India and the regional Delhi High Court. As of 2008[update], the number of vehicles in the metropolitan region, Delhi NCR, was 11.2 million (11.2 million). Migration to Delhi from the rest of India continues (as of 2013[update]), contributing more to the rise of Delhi's population than the birth rate, which is declining. Furthermore, no sermons can be delivered, and there can be no ritualistic ceremonies practised.[214]. The Delhi–Mumbai and Delhi–Kolkata prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral start from the city. Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Delhi, Megacity and union territory of India, containing the national capital, "National Capital Territory" redirects here. [68] There were further terrorist attacks in Delhi in 2005 and 2008, resulting in a total of 103 deaths. The Hindon River separates Ghaziabad from the eastern part of Delhi. Under the second Khalji ruler, Ala-ud-din Khalji, the Delhi sultanate extended its control south of the Narmada River in the Deccan. The Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) office, while small, wore a busy look on Thursday. [107][108] The dense smog and haze in Delhi during winter results in major air and rail traffic disruptions every year. Delhi hosted the first Asian Games in 1951 from 4 to 11 March. The legislative assembly was abolished in 1956, after which direct federal control was implemented until it was re-established in 1993. [157][158], Hindon Domestic Airport in Ghaziabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the second airport for the Delhi-NCR Region on 8 March 2019. Cathedral Church of the Redemption, belonging to the Church of North India. [118][119] According to CSE and System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), burning of agricultural waste in nearby Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh regions results in severe intensification of smog over Delhi. Like all other Baháʼí Houses of Worship, is open to all regardless of religion, or any other distinction, as emphasised in Baháʼí texts. There are five Municipalities (1 municipal council, 1 cantonment board, and 3 municipal corporations) in Delhi. Currently, the National Capital Territory of Delhi is made up of one division, 11 districts, 33 subdivisions, 59 census towns, and 300 villages. [147] The daily domestic waste water production is 470 MGD and industrial waste water is 70 MGD. [219] The Republic Day Parade is a large cultural and military parade showcasing India's cultural diversity and military strength. [7] Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries, and include the neighbouring satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida in an area called the National Capital Region (NCR) and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world's second-largest urban area according to the United Nations. [171] The Delhi Metro, a mass rapid transit system built and operated by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), serves many parts of Delhi and the neighbouring cities Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida. There are total 9 district in Delhi state, whereas the total 9 Head Post office, which is mentioned above. In 2003, Delhi won the United States Department of Energy's first 'Clean Cities International Partner of the Year' award for its "bold efforts to curb air pollution and support alternative fuel initiatives". [172] Taxis, auto rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws also ply on Delhi roads in large numbers. For example, Hollywood can be considered as a district in the city of Los Angeles, California. A Small Causes Court deals with civil cases, while a Magistrates' Court and the Sessions Court handle criminal cases in the city. The Phase-I of Delhi Metro was built at a cost of US$2.3 billion and the Phase-II was expected to cost an additional ₹216 billion (US$3.0 billion). [54] In 1737, Maratha forces led by Baji Rao I sacked Delhi following their victory against the Mughals in the First Battle of Delhi. [30] According to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom. Official website of Delhi State Legal Services Authority. [223] Other events such as Kite Flying Festival, International Mango Festival and Vasant Panchami (the Spring Festival) are held every year in Delhi. The British originally ruled India from Calcutta, but moved the capital to the newly built district of New Delhi in 1911 because of the city’s symbolic value in India. [166][167] In addition, cluster scheme buses are operated by Delhi Integrated Multi-Modal Transit System (DIMTS) with the participation of private concessionaires and DTC. The ancient Yogmaya Temple, claimed to be one of the five temples from the era of Mahabharata in Indraprastha. New Delhi, also known as Lutyens' Delhi,[64] was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India after the country gained independence on 15 August 1947. [190] The 2011 census provided two figures for urban area population: 16,314,838 within the NCT boundary,[191] and 21,753,486 for the Extended Urban Area. It scored 3.6 out of 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.

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